Multiget/intelligent generic PHP wrapper function... thoughts/advice wanted

mike mike503 at
Wed Oct 31 20:58:53 UTC 2007

I have a functional implementation of a generic cache wrapper that
supports multiget transparently. Since it mixes both cache calls and
database calls, this now becomes a full out "data access layer" type
function I believe.

I'm wondering if there are any additional optimizations I can do here,
or if anyone has some pointers. I could have missed something VERY
obvious and overengineered this :)

Primarily, I use a key prefix of "tablename:" for the row information,
for example. I suppose this is where namespaces would come in handy,
so I don't have to iterate through the array to strip off the key
prefix when doing the last array_diff_key() to look for the ones
missing from the memcache_get().

Has anyone else done anything like this and have it work properly with
minimal overhead?

I know of the the following caveats:
- Still not reusable as it could be, I think.
- I could add some typeof($var) to determine the key type. Right now I
assume it is numeric.

I just hate having to swap back and forth removing key prefixes and
looping through the arrays. I don't think there is any way in PHP to
rename array keys without that (unless it's just some array_walk type
callback, but even then it's still a loop, maybe just less internal

Any help is appreciated. Thank you :)


echo "<pre>\n";
$foo = episode_get(Array(1000000004, 1000000006, 1000000014, 1000000011));
echo "</pre>\n";

function episode_get($keys) {
        $table = "episodes";
        $column = "ID";
        return db_cache_get($table, $column, $keys);

function db_cache_get($table, $column, $requested_keys) {

        $prefix = $table.':';

        if(!isset($GLOBALS['ch'])) {

        if(!is_array($requested_keys)) {
                if(!$result = memcache_get($GLOBALS['ch'], $requested_keys)) {
                        $q = db_query("SELECT * FROM $table WHERE
                        list($result) = db_rows($q);
                return $result;

echo "key request array:\n";
echo "\n";
        // build the key list
        foreach(array_values($requested_keys) as $key) {
                 $cache_keys[$prefix.$key] = $prefix.$key;

echo "cache key array:\n";
echo "\n";

        // do a multiget
        $cache_array = memcache_get($GLOBALS['ch'], $cache_keys);

        // if the result count is the same we have no need to go to the database
        if(count($cache_keys) != count($cache_array)) {

echo "cache returned array:\n";
echo "\n";

                $need_array = array_diff_key($cache_keys, $cache_array);

                if(count($need_array) > 0) {
                        $query_keys = '';
                        foreach($need_array as $need_key) {
                                $k = str_replace($prefix, '', $need_key);
                                if(!empty($k)) { $query_keys .= $k.','; }
                        $query_keys = substr($query_keys, 0,
                        $q = db_query("SELECT * FROM $table WHERE
$column IN($query_keys)");
                        while($r = db_rows_assoc($q)) {
                                $k = $prefix.$r[$column];
                                cache_set($k, $r);
                                $cache_array[$k] = $r;

        $return = array();
        foreach(array_keys($cache_array) as $item) {
                $newindex = str_replace($prefix, '', $item);
                $return[$newindex] = $cache_array[$item];
        return $return;

function cache_set($key, $value, $flags = 0, $expiry = 2592000) {
        if(!isset($GLOBALS['ch'])) {
        memcache_set($GLOBALS['ch'], $key, $value, $flags, $expiry);
        return false;

function cache_open() {
        $GLOBALS['ch'] = memcache_pconnect('localhost', 11211);

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